Team Development Cycle: From Forming To Performing

Team members may feel a variety of concerns about the team’s impending dissolution. They may be feeling some anxiety because of uncertainty about their individual role or future responsibilities. They may feel sadness or a sense of loss about the changes coming to their team relationships. And at the same time, team members may feel a sense of deep satisfaction at the accomplishments of the team. Individual members might feel all of these things at the same time, or may cycle through feelings of loss followed by feelings of satisfaction. Given these conflicting feelings, individual and team morale may rise or fall throughout the ending stage.

Disagreements are unavoidable on teams, especially when each person on the team has a different perspective on how to approach the issues the team encounters. When you all work in the same location, it can be easier to hash out problems quickly. On a remote team, you need to be more thoughtful about the tools and the processes that you use to identify and deal with disagreements. Individual members of a team learn more about their personal potential, duties, and work dynamically within the team. Conversely, team development acquaints each member with the talents and roles of other members. This combination of internal and external reflection strengthens communication, productivity, and well-being within the team.


The recruitment process isn’t just about evaluating and selecting candidates. It’s also a chance for candidates to get a closer look at your company and decide whether it’s a good fit for them. Hiring employees who align with your culture can positively impact all subsequent stages of the employee life cycle. Try the tips below to develop a winning recruitment process that brings in the right people. Start by encouraging frequent social and monetary recognition, preferably by adopting an employee recognition platform that’s easy for everyone to use. Organizations that practice recognition frequently are 41% more likely to see improved employee retention and 34% more likely to see employee engagement.

life cycle of a team

Document the comments so that it’s easy to see which trends emerge and what changes need to be made going forward. In the performing stage, teams are in sync and work more efficiently together than at any previous stage. Teams that have been working closely for some time have resolved enough issues to understand what success looks like for them. For example, success can be anything from higher customer acquisition to a positive shift in the metrics they’re tracking. To accommodate your remote teams and to make sure your first project team meeting is productive, use a video conferencing platform like Zoom.

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Individuals may demonstrate a “can do” attitude and feel in sync with their peers the most during this time. Employees should also have a good understanding of how their individual knowledge and skills can contribute to the group’s overall success. Leaders can motivate employees in stage four by celebrating their accomplishments and tracking team progress. At the norming stage, teams set norms and expectations for the group based on the team’s true potential identified in stages one and two. Team members might feel more relaxed now that they understand their colleagues and their day-to-day work, and may be more willing to share their true thoughts and feelings. The norming stage is also when team members resolve any issues that surfaced in phase two.

  • As the real work kicks in, the project may present both technical and interpersonal challenges.
  • Like children, teams go through their developmental stages and can reach exciting milestones.
  • On the other hand, a team strives for something greater than its members could achieve individually which we call SYNERGY.
  • Team members refocus on established team groundrules and practices and return their focus to the team’s tasks.
  • She currently works as an Engagement Strategy Advisor for Carleton University.

Better yet, use a collaborative meeting tool like Fellow to build a healthy team culture and organize your biggest ideas into actionable steps. This is the second stage of team development, where what is systems development life cycle the group starts to sort itself out and gain each others’ trust. This stage often starts when they voice their opinions; conflict may arise between team members as power and status are assigned.

Principles of Management

Storming is the most difficult and unproductive of the five stages of development, but it is nevertheless vital to the team development process. When team members are upset with themselves, the task, or each other, they learn what causes the most dysfunction. With this information, the team can begin aspiring to a better team dynamic. As the real work kicks in, the project may present both technical and interpersonal challenges. Individual work habits, leadership decisions, or lapses in communication can cause tension within a team. A team is a group of individuals who work together toward a common goal.

And ensure that you’ve kept your process as thorough as it would be if you were recruiting in person, as bringing in the right people is just as important as ever. While all team members can provide social recognition, monetary recognition is often the sole domain of HR and leadership. However, you can get every employee involved by adopting a platform with a points-based reward system. Team members can award each other points that they can then redeem for rewards in your platform’s catalog.

Stages in the Employee Life Cycle: How to Measure &

This is one of many pain points that companies face in Teams’ life cycle management. In a bit, we’ll get into how to define the lifecycle of a team internally and eliminate the uncertainty. For your team to work collaboratively with few interruptions, they need tools that operate intuitively and will save them time. Find tools that don’t require hours of training and automate basic functions to get the job done.

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Every story will involve how the employee heard about your organization, how they were recruited and onboarded, why they’ve stayed with your company, and how their time at your organization has changed them. These similarities form the basis of the employee life cycle — a model for understanding the employee experience and boosting engagement across each stage of the employee journey. Using our tool, you and your employees can seamlessly work through the stages of team development through effective team meetings and one-on-ones, meaningful feedback, and progress tracking. Whether team members are transitioning out of their roles or into a different project, leaders can use the adjourning stage to gather feedback.

life cycle of a team

Groups who were brought together to complete specific projects may begin to think about their next steps in stage five. Individuals may experience sadness or a sense of loss as their journey as a member of the team comes to an end. Employees should feel satisfied and accomplished but may find it difficult to concentrate as they transition into new roles or onto new teams. Managers should acknowledge the upcoming transitional phase facing their team and strive to keep the group motivated as they complete final tasks. During the “forming” stage of team development, the team members acquaint themselves with the basic aspects of their task. Forming stage discussion topics often include the project goal, team member roles, basic ground rules, and designation of authority.

Why is Team Development Important?

They simplify the sequence and group the forming-storming-norming stages together as the “transforming” phase, which they equate with the initial performance level. This is then followed by a “performing” phase that leads to a new performance level which they call the “reforming” phase. During the Norming stage, members shift their energy to the team’s goals and show an increase in productivity, in both individual and collective work. The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity. Behaviors during the Norming stage may include members making a conscious effort to resolve problems and achieve group harmony. There might be more frequent and more meaningful communication among team members, and an increased willingness to share ideas or ask teammates for help.


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